Difference between GPON and EPON

GPON Introduction

 Firstly,coming a question:what is GPON? The ITU-T G.984 Gigabit-capable Passive Optical Networks (GPON) standard represents a boost, compared to EPON, in both the total bandwidth and bandwidth efficiency through the use of larger, variable-length packets. Again, the standards permit several choices of bit rate, but the industry has converged on 2.488 gigabits per second (Gbit/s) of downstream bandwidth, and 1.244 Gbit/s of upstream bandwidth. GPON Encapsulation Method (GEM) allows very efficient packaging of user traffic with frame segmentation.

 By mid-2008, Verizon had installed over 800,000 lines. British Telecom, Mobily, Etisalat, and AT&T are in advanced trials in Britain, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and the USA, respectively. GPON networks have now been deployed in numerous networks across the globe,and the trends indicate higher growth in GPON than other PON technologies.

 G.987 defined 10G-PON with 10 Gbit/s downstream and 2.5 Gbit/s upstream – framing is “G-PON like” and designed to coexist with GPON devices on the same network.

PON Family

Models of FOT OLT and ONU

Models of FOT OLT and ONU

 A PON takes advantage of wavelength division multiplexing (WDM), using one wavelength for downstream traffic and another for upstream traffic on a single non-zero dispersion-shifted fiber (ITU-T G.652). BPON, EPON, GEPON, and GPON have the same basic wavelength plan and use the 1,490 nanometer (nm) wavelength for downstream traffic and 1,310 nm wavelength for upstream traffic. 1,550 nm is reserved for optional overlay services, typically RF (analog) video.

 As with bit rate, the standards describe several optical budgets, most common is 28 dB of loss budget for both BPON and GPON, but products have been announced using less expensive optics as well. 28 dB corresponds to about 20 km with a 32-way split. Forward error correction (FEC) may provide another 2–3 dB of loss budget on GPON systems. As optics improve, the 28 dB budget will likely increase. Although both the GPON and EPON protocols permit large split ratios (up to 128 subscribers for GPON, up to 32,768 for EPON), in practice most PONs are deployed with a split ratio of 1×32 or smaller.

 A PON consists of a central office node, called an optical line terminal (OLT), one or more user nodes, called optical network units (ONUs) or optical network terminals (ONTs), and the fibers and splitters between them, called the optical distribution network (ODN). “ONT” is an ITU-T term to describe a single-tenant ONU. In multiple-tenant units, the ONU may be bridged to a customer premises device within the individual dwelling unit using technologies such as Ethernet over twisted pair, G.hn (a high-speed ITU-T standard that can operate over any existing home wiring – power lines, phone lines and coaxial cables) or DSL. An ONU is a device that terminates the PON and presents customer service interfaces to the user. Some ONUs implement a separate subscriber unit to provide services such as telephony, Ethernet data, or video.

 An OLT provides the interface between a PON and a service provider′s core network. These typically include:

  • IP traffic over Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, or 10 Gigabit Ethernet;
  • Standard TDM interfaces such as SDH/SONET;
  • ATM UNI at 155–622 Mbit/s.

 The ONT or ONU terminates the PON and presents the native service interfaces to the user. These services can include voice (plain old telephone service (POTS) or voice over IP (VoIP)), data (typically Ethernet or V.35), video, and/or telemetry (TTL, ECL, RS530, etc.) Often the ONU functions are separated into two parts:

  • The ONU, which terminates the PON and presents a converged interface—such as DSL, coaxial cable, or multiservice Ethernet—toward the user;
  • Network termination equipment (NTE), which inputs the converged interface and outputs native service interfaces to the user, such as Ethernet and POTS.

 A PON is a shared network, in that the OLT sends a single stream of downstream traffic that is seen by all ONUs. Each ONU only reads the content of those packets that are addressed to it. Encryption is used to prevent eavesdropping on downstream traffic.

  Based on information above,difference between GPON and EPON is focus on Speed,Split ratio,Maximum transmission distance,QOS factors etc.

Currently EPON products/technology is more mature and more cheaper per unit bandwidth than the GPON, therefore accepted by the market much earlier and widely.

——-Source from Wiki.

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